Buchanan (Bassa: Gbezohn) is the third largest city in Liberia, strategically located on Waterhouse Bay, which opens into the Atlantic Ocean. Named for Thomas Buchanan, cousin of U.S. president James Buchanan, and second governor of Liberia, it is also the capital of Grand Bassa County and lies 70 miles (110 km) southeast of Monrovia, near the mouth of the Saint John River.

The Port of Buchanan is located 272 kilometer south-east of Monrovia and is the second largest port. The harbor is protected by two breakwaters 1,890m and 590m long. Inside the basin, a 225 meters long ore loading quay is located adjacent to the commercial loading quay, providing a water depth of 10.5m below chart datum. Adjacent to the loading quay another waiting berth for ore carriers is available. On the inner side of the secondary breakwater, is a commercial quay, 334m long with available water depth of 9.5m below chart datum. The access channel to the Port provides ships a water depth 11.5m below chart datum and a channel width between the breakwaters of 210m.

HISTORY

  • 12 September 2019

    His Excellency, The President of the Republic of Liberia, Dr. George Manneh Weah signed the Concession Agreement for the Port of Buchanan
  • 2018

    The Government of Liberia received an unsolicited proposal for the development of a modern multi-modal port which will increase the throughput more than 20 times and creation of a dedicated  industrial zone at the Port of Buchanan
  • 2005-2012

    Arcelor Mittal, a European-Indian steel company formed in 2007 commenced their mining activity in Liberia. The Government of Liberia gave them exclusive use of one of the berths in the Port for the period of the Mineral Development Agreement (till 2025). AML put back into service the railway and some of the equipment in the Port of Buchanan allowing them to export iron ore from Liberia.

  • 1994

    The iron ore concentration factory was destroyed and dismantled. The railway was not functioning.
  • 1990’s

    Due to the changes in the economic environment and the heavy consequences of the First Civil War in Liberia  (1989 – 1996), LAMCO suspended their activity in Republic of Liberia in 1989. 
  • 1968

    Africa’s first iron-ore washing and pelletizing plant was opened in Buchanan by LAMCO

  • 1960’s

    The Port of Buchanan was constructed by the Liberia-American Swedish Mining Corporation (LAMCO) in 1960’s , a joint venture company established to export the iron ore deposits from the Nimba Range.